Common Retinal Disorders:
Age-related macular degeneration is an acquired degeneration of the retina that causes significant central visual impairment through a combination of non-neovascular, and neovascular derangement.
People with diabetes can have an eye disease called diabetic retinopathy. This is when high blood sugar levels cause damage to blood vessels in the retina. These blood vessels can swell and leak. Or they can close, stopping blood from passing through. Sometimes abnormal new blood vessels grow on the retina. All of these changes can steal your vision.
Posterior Vitreous Detachment
Posterior Vitreous Detachment (PVD) is a separation between the posterior vitreous cortex and the neurosensory retina, with the vitreous collapsing anteriorly towards the vitreous base. Prevalence of PVD increases with age and with axial length of the eye. PVD affects most eyes by the eighth decade of life. Age at onset is generally in sixth to seventh decade and men and women appear to be equally affected.
Retinal detachment is a sight threatening condition with an incidence of approximately 1 in 10000. (1,2) Before the 1920’s, this was a permanently blinding condition. In the last 50 years techniques in scleral buckling, pneumatic retinopexy and vitrectomy have made the repair of retinal detachments more manageable with better visual outcomes.
Preventative Eye Care:
View these simple tips for maintaining healthy eyes.